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The Delightful World of Chocolate

5 July 2024 03:30 pm

Chocolate is one of the most beloved treats around the globe. Made from cocoa beans, chocolate has a rich history and a wide variety of flavors and forms. From creamy milk chocolate to the robust and slightly bitter dark chocolate, there’s a type of chocolate to suit every palate.

Words - Sachini Perera

Origins and Production

Chocolate originates from the seeds of the cacao tree, which is native to Central and South America. The ancient civilizations of the Maya and Aztecs were among the first to cultivate cacao. They used it to make a bitter beverage mixed with spices, which was considered a luxury and often used in rituals. Today, the process of making chocolate involves harvesting cacao pods, fermenting and drying the beans, roasting them, and then grinding them into cocoa mass. This mass is then processed into cocoa solids and cocoa butter, the primary ingredients in chocolate.

Varieties of Chocolate

  • Milk Chocolate: This is the most popular type of chocolate, made with cocoa solids, cocoa butter, milk powder, and sugar. It has a creamy texture and sweet flavor.
  • Dark Chocolate: Made with a higher percentage of cocoa solids and less sugar, dark chocolate has a more intense chocolate flavor. It’s often considered a healthier option due to its lower sugar content and higher levels of antioxidants.
  • White Chocolate: Technically not a true chocolate since it contains no cocoa solids, white chocolate is made from cocoa butter, sugar, and milk. It has a sweet, rich flavor.





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